Civil engineering is a branch of engineering that deals with the construction, designing and maintenance of the buildings, roads, dams, factories etc. Civil engineering is spineless without the construction sector. Civil engineers have to come up with solution to complex problems and implement them in the world we live in.
The one such development in civil engineering is the modular construction. Though not so much prominent in India, Modular construction is slowly and steadily making its grip on the India’s construction sector. Modular construction is the construction that is basically constructed apart from the onsite area i.e. on the off side area which is again as conventional and as per the same standards of the design. Offsite area construction alludes to the structures built at a different location rather than the location of use. In this construction the components are designed and then are carried to the site where the assemblage of the parts takes place without environmental disruptions and turning construction in a logistics exercise. The assemblage of large volumetric components or elements of a building that has been delivered to the site of construction and made at the offsite company is in practice in modular construction.
Modular construction or modular buildings take place by the use of sections or specifically modules. The houses build up using this technology are often called as factory built, system built of pre fabricated homes.
The sectors which deal with the application of modular construction are as follows:
- Educational sector
- Health sector
- Private housing, Public housing
- Hotels etc.
The attributes of modular construction is that its rapid installation on site, minimum disturbances in the juxtapositions as the components are readily available from other sites, Good for the places with side constraints, magnificent in acoustic insulation, low self weight, and can be dismantled very easily without any loss to modules.
Floor zone criteria :
- Continuously supported or 4-sided modules: 300 or 450mm
- Corner supported or open-side modules: 450 to 600mm
- Frame supported modules: 750 to 900mm.
Stability and structural integrity :
Walls should be designed to one of the criteria:
Span to be horizontal over a damaged area by acting as a deep beam ,or
Supported by tie forces to the adjacent units.
Internal walls of adjacent modules designed for a standard 300mm face overall width, constituting the sheathing boards, internal plasterboards and insulation.
Therefore, modular construction is that process of construction which will slowly set the civil engineering market to higher gains, minimal loss economically and environmentally and the work can be easily completed if there is area constraint too. Skyscrapers with different variants of sustainability around the world like USA, DUBAI etc. are already implementing this sort of construction. But in India, the construction is getting accelerated with this modular construction and with the passage of time this will surely set a benchmark in the civil engineering field with its global acceptance.
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