Nanotechnology is a branch of biotechnology in which extremely small material and devices are produced at the nano scale which is about 1 to 100 manometers. The term nanotechnology was first used by Norio Taniguchi in 1974.
We can deal with the smallest cellular life forms of the bacteria of genus mycoplasma are around 200nm in length through this extensive and immense field. Resulting material of nanotechnology is nanomaterial which is a thousand times smaller, cheaper and lighter yet more functional and required less energy than biotech products.
Fullerenes, graphene flakes, single wall carbon nanotube, and nanoparticles, etc are considered as nanomaterials. We are unable to see nanomaterial as well as an atom with the naked eye. Infect it’s impossible to see with the microscope which is prevalent in higher school science class.
But 30 years ago, the Microscope of high resolution is invented that examine the material at the nano scale. These microscopes of higher resolutions include scanning tunneling microscope (STM) and the atomic force microscope (AFM).
Nanotechnology has a wide range of application in the welfare of human throughout the world. Application of nanotechnology is not only restricted to biotechnology but it can also address the storage of fossil fuels, improve the activity of catalysts used to transform vapors escaping from cars or industrial plants into harmless gases, etc.
There has huge scope for prospective students in this field due to its wide applications. At present, mostly renowned institute and colleges are only providing a postgraduate course in nanotechnology.
However undergraduate programs will also be launched soon in those institutes. Students who are interested in this field can enroll themselves in B.tech, M.tech and Ph.D. courses.
Top nanotechnology institute in India that provides opportunities and valuable knowledge is Amity Institute of Nanotechnology, Noida; Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi and Indian Institute of nano science and technology (IINSC), Bangalore, etc. there are many more colleges situated in India that help to students in learning about categorization, preparation, and application of non material.
The government launched a five-year program called nano mission with wider objectives like research in nanotechnology, Human resource development, infrastructure development, and international collaboration.
This approach is fully leveraged for the development and future of India. If more contribution of the skilled workforce is applied in research then nanotechnology will become an inevitable part of every human life.
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