Current trends in the Biotechnology industry in India

India is one of the most sought-after destinations for biotechnology and is currently ranked at 12th. B.Sc. Biotech College in Greater Noida offers courses that help students find excellent placements in the biotechnology industry. Despite the downturn in the economy during 2014- 2016, the industry has been growing rapidly with generous investments from foreign, supportive government policies, experienced workforce, and increasing demand. India’s biotechnology industry is in an excellent position to transition into Bio-economy. The compounded annual growth rate of biotechnology in India is 20%. Biotechnology is one of the emerging fields that can add new and better application in a wide range of sectors like healthcare, service sector, agriculture, and processing industry.

Agriculture

There are many challenges in agriculture today due to the burgeoning population and shrinking land and water resources. Environmental pollution and land leaching only add to the problems. For instance, the yield of rice crops is decreasing due to the increase in night temperature. Every 1° C rise in night temperature reduces the yield of rice by 10%. Biotechnology can find the solution to many of the problems.

Scientists have successfully developed superior varieties of crop that are pest resistant for instance insect resistant cotton. Crops that can withstand extreme weather conditions have been developed. This helps farmers to increase their yield and get a better return on investment.

Bionanotechnology

The combination of biotechnology and nanotechnology has opened up new frontiers and has great potential. The industry is expected to come out with path-breaking applications and solutions that can improve the quality of life significantly for people all over the world. Top B.Sc. Biotech College in Greater Noida is the right place to study Biotechnology.

The use of nanoparticles in Photodynamic therapy (PDT) can significantly improve the results in cancer treatment. Also, many of the life-threatening diseases can be detected even before the manifestation of symptoms by using nanoparticles in diagnosis and treatment can be started well in time.

Biodegradable polymers of nano-medicine can be used to carry chemotherapeutic drugs to the specific target tissue which substantially reduces the side effects and improves the efficacy of the drugs at the same time.

Genetic Engineering

The contribution of genetic engineering has been enormous to biotechnology. Transgenic research through the technology of genetic engineering has given us many superior crop strains improving the crop yield with higher nutritional value to meet the growing food demand. A lot of research is going on and expectations are high for designing and development of innovative products.

Biocatalysis

Biocatalysts help in quickening the biological reactions which enable high yield of specific products. Natural catalysts like protein enzymes are used to effect a chemical transformation of organic compounds.

Due to the advances made in recombinant technology, the application of Biocatalysis to an expanded range of chemistries has become possible and it facilitates designing catalysts that can meet the requirements of the processes. Supplementary expansion of Biocatalysis field provides immense scope for green chemistry with high yields.

Microalgae

A lot of research is underway with microalgae as the lipid content that is contained is much higher than the agricultural crops. It also does not require cultivable land. The main hurdle in developing microalgae to the economically viable production level is mainly due to constraints related to bioreactors and the strains. There is a high expectation that solution to these hurdles will be found soon with the merger of interdisciplinary branches.

Biofuel

The global consumption of biofuel is on the increase and is expected to touch US$ 57.8 billion by 2020. It is superior to fossil fuels in benefits from energy efficiency. It is non-polluting and significantly reduces the greenhouse gases. Tropical weather with plentiful sunshine and arable land are most suitable for biomass and biofuel cultivation. There is the objection to the starving effect of growing biofuel crops and its negative effect on food production.

Conclusion

India holds enormous potential for the development of biotechnology. The vast variety of flora and fauna species found in the sub-continent makes it one of the ideal place for conducting research and developing new solutions in biotechnology. One of the identified mega bio-diversity geographical zones also happens to be in India. Added to this India has one of the best talent pool of human resources, scientists, and engineers who can work towards the development of biotechnology. India also has a large number of colleges and research institutes dedicated to biotechnology. Best B.Sc. Biotech College in Greater Noida is one of the ideal centers of education to pursue a career in biotechnology.