Functions of Bio-Artificial Liver

Functions of Bio-Artificial Liver

The liver is one of the most important organs. It regulates the level of most chemicals in the blood. It also secretes the bile which breaks down fat to promote digestion and absorption.  The blood leaving stomach and intestine passes through the liver where the chemicals are broken down and balanced, nutrients for the body…

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Career Prospects in Environmental Sciences

Career Prospects in Environmental Sciences

Always we have a curiosity…. what happens if all the trees in the rainforest will cut down or the hazardous Chemicals will spill into a river or ocean? The answer is “Environmental Science”. An interdisciplinary academic field that integrates physical, biological and information sciences (including ecology, biology, physics, chemistry, plant science, zoology, mineralogy, limnology, soil…

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Climate-Ready Crops

Climate – Ready Crops

In the recent years, all major crops have suffered severe losses across the globe due to catastrophic alterations in the environmental factors such as water, temperature, air quality, soil composition. In scientific terms, it is called as the Abiotic Stress in plants. The plant abiotic stress can be of several types such as drought, flooding,…

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Viral Nanoparticles

Viral Nanoparticles – A Next Generation Medicine

Nanomaterials are being used in research to develop potential applications in therapeutics. There are a number of platforms, each with advantages & disadvantages but viral nanoparticles are catching all eyes because they are naturally occurring nanomaterials, and are both biocompatible & biodegradable. VNPs can be engineered by genetic and chemical protocols. Numerous modification strategies can…

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Vaccines

Vaccines

In 1796, Edward Jenner and Louis Pasture derived the term vaccine. He was pioneer of cow pox vaccine which is used to prevent small pox infections. Vaccine can be manufactured by the living organisms or other biological systems that can improve immunity to a particular disease. Vaccine can provoke our immune system to invade from…

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Bio-degradable sensor

Bio-Degradable Sensor

Sensors are the devices that convert input from the physical environment to electrical impulses. There are many sensors like photo-sensor that detects the presence of light of different wavelength, oxygen sensor used in emission control system in cars or motion sensors used in homes to name a few. Some sensors may contain some materials that…

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Biosorption

Biosorption

Environmental contamination by toxic heavy metal ions is a significant worldwide phenomenon affecting all most every aspect of living beings. These heavy metals are the main constituent of inorganic contaminants.  Though, trace of these heavy metals is essential for normal growth and metabolism of living organisms, but its excessive level can be detrimental. Various anthropogenic…

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CANCER

CANCER

When normal cell lost their control over division, differentiation and apoptosis then they become cancer cells. Cancer may be of two types: benign tumor and malignant tumor. Uncontrolled growth of the cell in a single cluster is called benign tumor and it cannot spread to other part of the body. On the other hand, malignant…

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Future Trends in Enzyme Technology

Future Trends in Enzyme Technology

High-value chemicals consist of advanced molecules with precise three-dimensional geometry and shape. Synthesis of such compounds requires efficient methodology in few steps to be economically and environmentally feasible. Enzymes could be tailor made, combined and used as powerful machineries for biocatalysis for sustainable chemistry. Sustainable biochemistry has far more prospects in biotechnological formulations. The structure-function relationships underlying are enzymatic…

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Genetic Manipulation of Plants

Genetic Manipulation of Plants

Plants with desirable traits are being produced since many years by conventional breeding methods, which is a lengthy method for production of new improved plant varieties. On the contrary, genetic manipulation is a quicker process that allows selected individual genes to be transferred from one organism into another, also between non-related species in a highly…

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