Bionanotechnology

The two technologies which are biotechnology and nanotechnology have been at the forefront of technological advancement in recent past. The pace of growth in both these has been rapid. Bionanotechnology is when the nanotechnology is in the evolving stage where both the technologies are combined to derive hybrid results which can go a long way in improving the life quality of us humans. In order to study these sciences, one has to choose best B.Sc. Biotech College in Greater Noida that will help them in building a career in this field.

There is some confusion between the terms Bio-nanotechnology and Nano-biotechnology. Opinions vary as some consider Bio nanotechnology to be a discipline where biotechnology is used to understand Nanoparticles and vice-versa.

New research tools

The advances made in nanotechnology have given us a new set of research tools, structures, and systems that can be applied to biological and medical sciences. By using biotechnology along with nanotechnology new frontiers in medical applications are being scaled.

Bionanotechnology has huge potential for improving the healthcare practices across the world. New nanoparticles and nanodevices are expected to be of help to the medical and have a positive impact on the health of humans.

Overcoming side effects of therapies

It is true that clinical applications of nanotechnology are still not available to us, but a substantial number of medical projects are in advance stages of experimentation and will be soon available for our use. These devices and mechanisms have the potential to interact with sub-cellular levels in our bodies due to their technical design. This has huge benefits as therapies can be directed and focused on the specific cell, tissue or organs and thus reducing side effects to a great extent.

The field of bionanotechnology has immense potential. Aspiring students should select top B.Sc. Biotech College in Greater Noida and study the relevant courses which will help them secure the right placements and help them grow.

Overcoming hurdles with inorganic nanostructures

Recent advancements made in the arena of nanotechnology has made available a new generation of nanostructures that are inorganic and can be used in places where the organic-based probes have encountered hurdles.

Diagnostic Applications

Presently only after the physical manifestation of symptoms doctors are able to diagnose the diseases. There is the possibility that by the time the disease reaches the stage of physical manifestation, the effectiveness of treatment may have reduced to a great extent. It is important to diagnose the disease before the symptoms manifest physically. Nucleic acid diagnosis is expected to play a vital role as they will be able to identify the pathogens much before the stage when symptoms manifest and thus aid in the beginning treatment well in time to cure the disease.

Though PCR is presently being used for this purpose, nanotechnology is expanding the available options which are more sensitive, effective and economical in identifying the diseases.

Detection applications

The conventional diagnostic procedures make use of inorganic/organic dyes that conjugate with the antibodies which are binding to the disease-related target. By visualizing the signals through fluorescence microscopy or electron microscope these antibodies are detected. But these dyes have many limitations. Nanotechnology has opened up new possibilities through nanocrystals which can hold out significantly higher number excitation cycles and light emissions without decomposing.

Protein chips

The healthy or diseased states in organisms are established through the proteins which indicate the biological phenotype. Proteins also help in identifying the functionality of these. Proteomics plays a vital role here in creating drugs that can alter the signal pathways. With the help of nanotechnology, microarrays are produced at the nanoscale that can bind to specific proteins that contain definite biochemical motifs. This will make analyzing of thousands of mRNAs quickly.

Conclusion

A lot of debate is going on the implications of bionanotechnology in future. It could create new devices and materials that can be very useful in the field of biomaterials, medicine, electronics, and energy production. However, the possibilities of toxicity and environmental impact have been expressed on these developments. Nevertheless, it holds promise in bringing new advancements to diagnostic and regenerative medicine. Individuals suffering from severe traumatic injuries can benefit from nanomedicine. B.Sc. Biotech College in Greater Noida offers a wide range of courses for the students planning to build a career in this field.

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